GS-52

SPECIALTY CLEANING PRODUCTS FOR HOUSEHOLD USE

Upcoming Revision: Green Seal is currently working on a revision to this standard to restrict PFAS. To find out more information about this project or receive project updates, visit our standards revision page.


WHAT GREEN SEAL CERTIFIES

Green Seal’s GS-52 leadership standard means a specialty surface cleaning product or odor remover is safer for human health and the environment than similar products while providing uncompromising performance. It covers products intended for routine household cleaning of specialty surfaces including but not limited to decks, motor vehicles, outdoor furniture, ovens, and upholstery. Download the full GS-52 standard.

Green Seal is in active discussions with U.S. EPA on expanding Green Seal certification options for EPA-regulated sanitizers and disinfectants, and is temporarily suspending accepting new applications for certification of antimicrobial solutions sold in the U.S. while these discussions are underway.  Green Seal continues to encourage use of products that include the active ingredients in the Safer Disinfecting Ingredients Fact Sheet.

PERFORMANCE OF GREEN

Our standard ensures the product performs for its intended use. All Green Seal-certified products must demonstrate an effective level of cleaning performance via an objective, scientifically validated method conducted under controlled and reproducible laboratory conditions. Certain product types must meet performance thresholds following approved ASTM or Consumer Specialty Products Association methods, or demonstrate they perform just as well or better than a nationally recognized or market-leading product. 

SCIENCE OF GREEN

Our Green Seal Compass guides every certification. Our science-based standards define sustainability leadership in the marketplace and reward industry innovations. Only the healthiest, most responsible, and most effective products achieve the Green Seal. The Green Seal Compass focuses our standards on key impacts that occur throughout the product life cycle, from raw materials extraction and manufacturing to packaging, use and disposal.

RESTRICTIONS TO PREVENT ADVERSE HEALTH EFFECTS
Acute Toxicity (Oral) LD50 > 5,000 mg/kg
Acute Toxicity (Inhalation) LC50 > 20,000 ppmV at 1 hour
Dermal Toxicity (Skin) LD50 > 2,000 mg/kg
Skin and Eye Damage pH of > 2.0 but less than 11.5; Must not be corrosive to skin or eyes
Skin Sensitization Must not be a skin sensitizer
Skin Absorption Sum of ingredients with skin notations restricted to <1%
Asthmagens Prohibited above 100ppm (separate criteria for enzymes)
Respiratory Sensitizers Prohibited above 100ppm
Ozone Depleting Compounds Cannot be intentionally added at any level
Volatile Organic Compounds Restricted to < 1% or limit set in CARB for product type
Inhalation Toxicity Must not cause adverse health effects following chronic inhalation exposure
Carcinogens Cannot be intentionally added at any level
Mutagens Cannot be intentionally added at any level
Reproductive Toxins Cannot be intentionally added at any level
Neurotoxins / Systemic Toxins Cannot be intentionally added at any level
Endocrine Disruptors Cannot be intentionally added at any level
Alkylphenol Ethoxylates Cannot be intentionally added at any level
2-butoxyethanol Cannot be intentionally added at any level
o-Phenylphenol Cannot be intentionally added at any level
Halogenated Organic Solvents Cannot be intentionally added at any level
Nitro-musks Cannot be intentionally added at any level
Polycyclic Musks Cannot be intentionally added at any level
Triclosan Cannot be intentionally added at any level
Toxic Release Inventory Persistent, Bioaccumulative, and Toxic Chemicals Cannot be intentionally added at any level
Colorants Cannot contain any intentionally added heavy metals
Phthalates Cannot be intentionally added at any level and must not be intentionally added to primary packaging
Bisphenol A Must not be intentionally added to primary packaging
Chlorinated Materials Must not be intentionally added to primary packaging
Hexavalent Chromium Cannot be intentionally added at any level and must not be intentionally added to primary packaging
Lead Cannot be intentionally added at any level and must not be intentionally added to primary packaging
Mercury Must not be intentionally added to primary packaging
Selenium Cannot be intentionally added at any level
Cadmium Must not be intentionally added to primary packaging
Enzymes Products containing enzymes must meet additional criteria
Microorganisms Products containing microorganisms must meet additional criteria

REQUIREMENTS TO PREVENT WASTE
Primary Packaging Must be either source-reduced, recyclable, contain at least 25% post-consumer material, or be a refillable package with an effective take-back program
Aerosol Packaging Recycling programs must be available for packaging where product is sold
Use Labelling Must have detailed instructions for proper use to minimize waste
Recycling Labelling Plastic packages must be marked with appropriate Resin Identification Code and have clear recycling instructions for disposal

RESTRICTIONS TO PREVENT ADVERSE ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS
Acute Toxicity to Aquatic Life LC50 > or = 100mg/L for algae, daphnia, or fish
Aquatic Biodegradability Each organic ingredient must readily biodegrade
Bioaccumulating Compounds Prohibited above 100ppm
Eutrophication Sum of total phosphorus restricted to < or = 0.5%
Optical Brighteners Prohibited above 100ppm

CRITERIA THAT HELP PRESERVE THE CLIMATE

Many of the standards for human health, minimizing waste, and ensuring clean water also help preserve the climate:

  • Content limits on volatile organic compounds (VOCs)
  • Prohibition on ozone-depleting compounds
  • Probition on halogenated organic solvents
  • Limit on phosphorus
  • Reduced/recycled packaging
  • Concentrated products

 

 

 

 

 

 

A GREEN YOU CAN TRUST

All Green Seal-certified products must meet industry best practices for Quality and Safety.

Combustibility

Fragrances

Animal Testing

Proper Use Training

Labelling

Safety Data Sheets

Our standards are referenced by the leading green building certification programs.

 

Latest Version: Edition 2.6, November 11, 2021

Recent Changes: GS-52 underwent corrections and/or clarifications and was re-published on October 29, 2021. For details on the non-substantive changes made to this standard, please see the Standard Documents Library.  

Download the Full Standard PDF