GS-8

CLEANING PRODUCTS FOR HOUSEHOLD USE

Standard Revision in Progress:

Green Seal is revising the requirements for microbial-based cleaning products, located in Annex D of this standard. Details on the proposed revision to this standard can be found on the Standard Revisions page.


WHAT GREEN SEAL CERTIFIES

Green Seal’s GS-8 leadership standard means a general-purpose household cleaning product is safer for human health and the environment compared to conventional alternatives while providing uncompromising cleaning performance. It covers all-purpose, glass, bathroom, carpet, and biologically-active (enzymatic and microbial) products intended for routine cleaning of residential settings. Download the full GS-8 standard.

PERFORMANCE OF GREEN

Our standard ensures the product performs for its intended use. All Green Seal-certified products must demonstrate an effective level of cleaning performance via an objective, scientifically validated method conducted under controlled and reproducible laboratory conditions. Certain product types must meet performance thresholds following approved ASTM, Household and Commercial Products Association, or American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists methods. Products can also demonstrate that they perform equivalent to or better than a nationally recognized or market-leading product.

SCIENCE OF GREEN

Our Green Seal Compass guides every certification. Our science-based standards define sustainability leadership in the marketplace and reward industry innovations. Only the healthiest, most responsible, and most effective products achieve the Green Seal. The Green Seal Compass focuses our standards on key impacts that occur throughout the product life cycle, from raw materials extraction and manufacturing to packaging, use and disposal.

RESTRICTIONS TO PREVENT ADVERSE HEALTH EFFECTS
Acute Toxicity (Oral) LD50 > 5,000 mg/kg
Acute Toxicity (Inhalation) LC50 > 20 mg/L at 1 hour
Skin and Eye Damage pH of > 2.0 but less than 11.5; Must not be corrosive to skin or eyes
Skin Sensitization Must not be a skin sensitizer
Ozone Depleting Compounds Prohibited above 100ppm
Volatile Organic Compounds Restricted to 0.5% (all-purpose cleaners); Restricted to 1% or limit set in CARB (glass cleaners), Restricted to 1% (bathroom and ready-to-use carpet cleaners), Restricted to 0.1% (dilutable carpet cleaners) 
Carcinogens Prohibited above 100ppm
Mutagens Prohibited above 100ppm
Reproductive Toxins Prohibited above 100ppm
Alkylphenol Ethoxylates Prohibited above 100ppm
2-butoxyethanol Prohibited above 100ppm
Phthalates Prohibited above 100ppm and must not be intentionally added to primary packaging
Selenium Prohibited above 100ppm
Hexavalent Chromium Prohibited above 100ppm and must not be intentionally added to primary packaging
Lead Prohibited above 100ppm and must not be intentionally added to primary packaging
Mercury Must not be intentionally added to primary packaging
Cadmium Must not be intentionally added to primary packaging
Bisphenol A Must not be intentionally added to primary packaging
Chlorinated Materials Must not be intentionally added to primary packaging
Enzymes Products containing enzymes must meet additional criteria
Microorganisms Products containing microorganisms must meet additional criteria

 
REQUIREMENTS TO PREVENT WASTE
Primary Packaging Must be either source-reduced, recyclable, contain at least 25% post-consumer material, or be a refillable package with an effective take-back program
Aerosol Packaging Cans must be recyclable and recycling programs are available for packaging where product is sold
Use Labelling Must have detailed instructions for proper use to minimize waste
Recycling Labelling Plastic packages must be marked with appropriate Resin Identification Code and have clear instructions for disposal

 
RESTRICTIONS TO PREVENT ADVERSE ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS
Acute Toxicity to Aquatic Life LC50 > or = 100mg/L for algae, daphnia, or fish
Aquatic Biodegradability Each organic ingredient must readily biodegrade
Eutrophication Sum of total phosphorus restricted to < 0.5%
Optical Brighteners Prohibited above 100ppm

CRITERIA THAT HELP PRESERVE THE CLIMATE

Many of the standards for human health, minimizing waste,  and ensuring clean water also help preserve the climate:

  • Content limits on volatile organic compounds (VOCs)
  • Prohibition on ozone-depleting compounds
  • Limits on phosphorus
  • Reduced/recycled packaging
 

A GREEN YOU CAN TRUST

All Green Seal-certified products must meet industry best practices for Quality and Safety.

Combustibility

Fragrances

Animal Testing

Labelling

Safety Data Sheets

 

 

Our standards are referenced by the leading green building certification programs.

Latest Version: Edition 5.5, July 31, 2020
Recent Changes: GS-8 underwent corrections and/or clarifications and was re-published on July 30, 2021. For details on the non-substantive changes made to this standard, please see the Standard Documents Library.  

Download the Full Standard PDF